ASTRA-sim Tutorial @ ASPLOS 2023


In this tutorial, we will educate the research community about the challenges in the emerging domain of distributed training, demonstrate the capabilities of ASTRA-sim with examples and discuss ongoing development efforts.


  • Mar 26, 2023, afternoon session (1:40 – 5:00 PM PDT)
  • Junior AB (3rd floor), Sheraton Vancouver Wall Centre
  • Vancouver, Canada

Venue Map


Modern deep learning systems heavily rely on distributed training over customized high-performance accelerator (e.g., TPU, GPU)-based hardware platforms connected via high-performance interconnects (e.g., NVLink, XeLink). Examples today include NVIDIA’s HGX H100, Google’s Cloud TPU, Meta’s Zion, and Intel’s Gaudi HLS-1. Deep Neural Network (DNN) training involves a complex interplay between the DNN model architecture, parallelization strategy, scheduling strategy, collective communication algorithm, network topology, and the accelerator endpoint. Collective communications (e.g., All-Reduce, All-to-All, Reduce-Scatter, All-Gather) are initiated at different phases for different parallelism approaches and play a crucial role in overall runtime, if not hidden efficiently behind compute. This problem becomes paramount as recent models for NLP such as GPT-3 or MSFT-1T and Recommendations such as DLRM have billions to trillions of model parameters and need to be scaled across tens to hundreds to thousands of accelerator nodes. As innovation in AI/ML models continues to grow at an accelerated rate, there is a need for a comprehensive methodology to understand and navigate this complex design space to (i) architect future platforms and (ii) develop novel parallelism schemes to support efficient training of future DNN models.

As an ongoing collaboration between Intel, Meta, and Georgia Tech, we have been jointly developing a detailed cycle-accurate distributed training simulator called ASTRA-sim. ASTRA-sim models the co-design space described above and schedules the compute-communication interactions from distributed training over plug-and-play compute and network simulators. It enables a systematic study of bottlenecks at the software and hardware level for scaling training. It also enables end-to-end design-space exploration for running large DNN models over future training platforms. Currently, ASTRA-sim supports two compute models (roofline and SCALE-sim, a Google TPU-like simulator) and several network models (analytical network, Garnet from gem5, and NS3) to go from a simple analytical to the detailed cycle-accurate simulation of large-scale training platforms. In this tutorial, we will educate the research community about the challenges in the emerging domain of distributed training, demonstrate the capabilities of ASTRA-sim with hands-on examples and discuss ongoing development efforts.

Target Audience

The tutorial targets students, faculty, and researchers who want to

  • study challenges in the emerging domain of distributed training
  • experience cycle-accurate distributed training simulator
  • learn performance implications of workloads, systems, and network configurations


Tushar Krishna Tushar Krishna (Georgia Tech)
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Tushar Krishna is an Associate Professor in the School of ECE at Georgia Tech since 2015. He also holds the ON Semiconductor Endowed Junior Professorship. He has a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from MIT (2014), a M.S.E in Electrical Engineering from Princeton University (2009), and a B.Tech in Electrical Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi (2007). Dr. Krishna’s research spans the computing stack: from circuits/physical design to microarchitecture to system software. His key focus area is in architecting the interconnection networks and communication protocols for efficient data movement within computer systems, both on-chip and in the cloud.
Srinivas Sridharan Srinivas Sridharan (Meta)
Srinivas Sridharan is a Research Scientist at Meta/Facebook and works on communication libraries, networking, and simulation for Facebook's AI Infrastructure. Before joining Facebook, he was a Research Scientist at Intel Labs. At Intel, he led the development of Intel's Machine Learning Scaling Library (MLSL), a library to accelerate AI/deep-learning operations on Intel platforms, which is an Intel product today. He received multiple awards during his tenure at Intel – the Intel Labs Gordy Award, Intel SSG/DPD Divisional Recognition Award, Intel DCG Divisional Recognition Award (twice) and the Intel TCAR Award. He received his PhD in Computer Science and Engineering from the University of Notre Dame in 2010.
Saeed Rashidi Saeed Rashidi (Georgia Tech)
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Saeed Rashidi received his BS from Shiraz University in 2015, and his MS from Sharif University of Technology in 2017, both in Computer Engineering. He joined Georgia Tech in Spring 2019 to start his PhD in Electrical & Computer Engineering. His research interests are DNN Training/Inference Accelerators, Scalable Training HW/SW co-design, ML algorithms and Domain-Specific accelerator design in general.
Will Won William Won (Georgia Tech)
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William (Jonghoon) Won is a Ph.D. student in Computer Science at Georgia Tech. He's studying systems and algorithms for deep learning. His research interests include: DNN training software-hardware-network co-design, Distributed DNN systems, DNN accelerator designs, Machine learning algorithms, and Neural architecture search.
Taekyung Heo Taekyung Heo (Georgia Tech)
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Taekyung Heo is a postdoctoral researcher at Georgia Tech and a research advisor at Meta. He received a Ph.D. in Computer Science from KAIST (2022), an M.S. from KAIST (2016), and a B.S. from Sungkyunkwan University (2014). During his Ph.D. studies, he focused on co-designing HW and SW for terabyte-scale memory systems. After finishing his Ph.D., Taekyung joined the Synergy Lab to extend his research area to machine learning. Currently, he is actively engaged in optimizing the performance of distributed training systems by addressing various challenges in the areas of memory systems, network-on-chip, and system performance modeling.


Time (PDT) Time (EDT) Agenda Presenter Resources
1:40 PM 4:40 PM Introduction to Distributed DL Training Tushar Slide
    Training Platforms    
    Parallelism Strategies    
    Collective Communication    
2:20 PM 5:20 PM Training Systems Challenges:
An Industry Perspective from Meta
2:40 PM 5:40 PM ASTRA-sim    
    Overview Saeed Slide
    Workload Layer Taekyung Slide
3:20 PM 6:20 PM Coffee Break    
3:40 PM 6:40 PM ASTRA-sim    
    System Layer Saeed Slide
    Network Layer William Slide
4:20 PM 7:20 PM Demo    
    Profiling Collectives Using ASTRA-sim William Slide
    Comparing Systems William Slide
    Advanced ASTRA-sim Topics William Slide
4:50 PM 7:50 PM Closing Remarks and Questions Taekyung Slide




ASTRA-sim Papers

William Won, Taekyung Heo, Saeed Rashidi, Srinivas Sridharan, Sudarshan Srinivasan, and Tushar Krishna, “ASTRA-sim2.0: Modeling Hierarchical Networks and Disaggregated Systems for Large-model Training at Scale,” In Proc. of the IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS), 2023.


Saeed Rashidi, Srinivas Sridharan, Sudarshan Srinivasan, and Tushar Krishna, “ASTRA-SIM: Enabling SW/HW Co-Design Exploration for Distributed DL Training Platforms,” In Proc. of the IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS), 2020.



ASTRA-sim Analytical Network